The various structures within and around the knee can cause knee pain! These structures includes Menisucs, muscles, tendons and the bony articular surfaces. Knee pain can also be secondary to the lower back, feet and the hip. A physiotherapist will take a holistic look and approach to your knee pain.
Common Knee Conditions
Acute knee injuries commonly occur in fast high intensity sports that require sudden changes in direction such as soccer, skiing and rugby. This puts huge amounts of loads on the knee sometiems as much as 10X your body weight! When these structures of the knee strain or in severe cases rupture, it can cause sharp pain and swelling in various sections.
Overtime the absorbing nature of the meniscus (the soft material in-between the bony surfaces of the knee) loses its height and absorption characteristics, likewise the smooth surfaces of the knee (cartilage) are worn down leaving a porous bony surface. This brings the bony knee surfaces closer together. In severe knee arthritis the bony can make direct contact with the other bony surface which results in acute severe knee pain. The good news is that with early intervention in physiotherapy arthritis can be controlled.
Other knee conditions treatable include:
Iliotibial Band (ITB) Fricition syndrome
Meniscal/ cartilage injuries
Patella Fat Pad Impingement